Necessary Supplies For Car Camping

When you talk about camping, overnight backcountry camping where you carry all of your gear on your back is the most common thing to come to mind. However, car camping is much more common and comprised the great majority of camping trips these days.

Typically, this means that you will be setting up your tent no more than 10 to 20 feet away from your car. Since you don’t need to haul your gear in a backpack, featherlight gear is less of a focus, and often luxury and a focus on fun take priority. The absolute basics for car camping include a tent and a sleeping bag. You can improve your level of comfort by adding an inflatable mattress or collapsible cot to your packing list: either of these will help you avoid waking up with a sore back from lying on the ground!

The next step to decide is if you want to cook while camping. At it’s most basic, this can mean cooking food over a campfire if it is allowed. This might mean cooking food in a heavy cast iron pan or dutch oven, or roasting hot dogs on a stick. Bringing a camp stove powered by propane or liquid fuel gives you more possibilities, particularly in areas where you cannot make a campfire. Particularly if you do all car camping, don’t bother getting an expensive portable stove that is meant for backpacking: they will be much more trouble that you want. Instead, find a car camping stove for $50 to $60 that will be just about as convenient and easy to use as your home range!

Horse Racing Handicapping Terms – The Colorful Jargon That Makes Racing An Adventure

Part of the fun of racing is the adventure of being in another world. Anyone who has spent much time at the race track, particularly the backstretch, knows that it is a world unto itself. Inch for inch no place on earth has more colorful characters than the race track and backstretch.

My grandfather used to work the backstretch at Rockingham Park in New Hampshire and I raced a few of my horses there, too. Want to see an Elvis impersonator (and a pretty good one at that) lead the post parade? Go to Rockingham. Now that is unique.

Like any insular society, racing has its own jargon, a unique language that reflects the uncertainties of racing, the ups and downs. Many of the terms aren’t used much anymore and I think that is a shame. Just so you’ll know a few of these terms to use the next time you’re at the track, here is a list of a few of my favorites (see how many you already know)…

Ice Cream: Means an easy bet that can’t lose. Its sweet.

Lock: Horse that can’t lose (see Ice Cream)

Dead Cert.: A lock, a horse that is certain to win.

Wide as Your House: A horse or greyhound that will run wide on the outside of the track rather than taking the shorter path on the rail.

Boat Race: A race in which most of the horses aren’t trying to win so that one chosen horse can win. A “fixed” race.

Fixed Race: See above.

Like Finding Money in the Street: An easy bet that is so certain to win, it is a “gift.”

Gift: See above.

Plater: Horse that runs in the cheap claiming races. Not sure what the pate actually means though some think it refers to the horse being headed for the slaughterhouse and to be eaten while others say it refers to special shoes that must be worn because its hooves are so bad.

Irons: Another name for stirrups. When a jockey is said to be “in the irons,” it means he or she will ride the horse.

Scraping Paint: A horse is riding so close to the rail it is scraping the paint off the rail.

Chalk: A horse that is the favorite.

Chalky: A horse that is bet down a lot is said to be chalky. It often means that the horse doesn’t really deserve that kind of support.

Morning Glory: A horse that works out great in the morning and looks like a winner only to turn in a poor performance in the afternoon when it actually races.

Stooper: A person who walks around the track stooped over looking for discarded tickets that may be winners.

Early Days: Early in the program when only a few races have been run and though a bettor is down, he or she is expecting to win in the long run.

There’s Always Fresh: This is about my favorite saying at the track. It speaks of the indomitable spirit of the horse player. It means, that tomorrow is a new day “fresh.” No matter what happened today, tomorrow will bring new opportunities.

Silks: The colorful costumes the jockeys wear during a race. The original silks were first introduced at Newmarket England by the Jockey Club so that it would be easier to distinguish each horse and rider to avoid disputes. Each owner chose his colors and design. The tradition goes on to this day with thousands of silks being registered wherever thoroughbreds are raced.

Quitter: Horse that starts out well and often goes to the front of the pack only to fade badly at the end of the race.

Well that’s it for now. Those are some of my favorites, but there are many more colorful words and phrases you will hear on the backstretch. How many do you know?

Suggestions for Developing an Anti-Bullying Culture in the Workplace

This paper provides three significant but interrelated factors toward the development of an anti-bullying culture in a formal or bureaucratic organization. It suggests that legislative reform, via education, mediation and restoration or restorative justice, once instituted can go a long way toward reducing the occurrence of workplace bullying. However, legislative reform is central. Education, mediation and restoration are the pillars upon which reform should be based. Arguably, legislative reform requires promoting a national anti-bullying agenda that results in an anti-bullying culture in all workplaces. In addition, to examining legislative reform, education, mediation and restoration, it will define workplace bullying and identify three effects of workplace bullying, namely individual, social and economic or financial.

This paper agrees with international scholars that bullying involves an abuse of power in work relations between superior and subordinate staff. However, it recognizes that bullying can take place when coworkers or peers collaborate to intimidate, threaten or harass another whom they perceive to be different or deviant in some significant way from their group. For example, some working class men have been known to bully colleagues whom they perceive to be physically weak and unsuited to physically demanding tasks that they are expected to perform. Also, it may have to do with their perception that deviants violate masculinity norms of toughness and the possession of physical strength.

Workplace bullying can take many forms. They include verbal and physical threats, sexual harassment, ostracism or isolation, petty tyranny, public humiliation, wrongful blaming and shaming or unsubstantiated accusations of incompetent. Overworking employees by assigning tasks unrelated to their job description is another example. Bullies or higher ranking employees may be motivated by their favorable relations with persons higher up in the organization such as the chief executive officer, chairman of the board of directors or even their immediate supervisor. Bullying will take place when bullies feel insulated from adverse action if found guilty by a jury of their peers.

It is proffered that the effects of workplace bullying can be extremely severe with catastrophic consequences for the individual, family and organization or workplace. Individuals suffer whether they are victims or perpetrators. It must be stated though that victims suffer more than bullies in significant ways. They include mentally, emotionally, psychologically or physically, based on the severity of bullying. Families of victims also suffer when the bullied withdraw socially or hit out and make them scapegoats. Workplace bullying can lead to strained social relations as coworkers often take sides. Frequently, the majority take the side of the supervisor for fear of victimization. Financial effects may impact the organization negatively. It is well-known that employees who are bullied persistently take more time off from work, either sick or business leave. This puts additional pressure on their colleagues who have to fill in for them. It also means fewer man hours and lower productivity. The net effect is lower productive efficiency and capacity. The negative effects of workplace bullying make it imperative that a strong resilient anti-bullying culture should be developed in each workplace.

The state or government should take a leading role in the development of an anti-bullying culture. Cogent and effective legislation should be reformed only after the collection of empirical evidence gathered by scientific research on workplace bullying is undertaken. Decisively, there must be collaboration between organizations and the state to ensure that valid and reliable data are collected in quick time. The Ministry of Labor or its equivalent should be tasked with responsibility for collecting quantitative and qualitative data on workplace bullying. Data should include frequency, victim and offender social characteristics, management or reduction strategies and anti-bullying education for employees. The Ministry of Labor should ensure that national anti- bullying programs, policies and procedures are reformed and re-implemented in congruence with the reformed legislation. Within organizations a bottom up approach should be adopted via meaningful consultation involving all stakeholders such as management, workers and trade union representatives. They should be mandated to formulate mechanisms for implementing state policies, programs and procedures within their industry or organization and workgroups.

Education is the main catalyst for cultural change. All employees, including the newly recruited, should undergo training in bullying recognition, reporting and management, that is, established grievance procedures. The main objective of anti-bullying education is to ensure that allegations of bullying are taken seriously and that no employee who alleges victimization is subject to additional victimization as a result of his complaint. In addition, all employees should attend at least one anti-bullying seminar annually where they will become sensitized to the deleterious effects of bullying and the best ways of managing, containing, reducing or eliminating it in the workplace. Furthermore all workplaces should display clearly, literature and pictures that effectively promote anti-bullying.

Mediation should be an accepted alternative dispute resolution technique in the development of an anti-bullying culture that emphasizes fair treatment and freedom to report bullying. Mediation should be the first step. If it fails, litigation should be the next course of action. Mediators that are highly trained, skilled and independent should be recruited to assist in disputes resolution where attempts at resolution within organizations have been unsuccessful. Sessions should be well structured so that victim and perpetrator can communicate each other respectfully in an environment of trust and mutual goodwill.

Finally, based on severity of bullying, disputants should agree on an appropriate form of restorative justice. A number of options should be available. Apologizing is the primary choice. A meaningful apology can act toward mending broken relationships spoilt by workplace bullying. However, depending on the extent of victimization disputants may have the power to decide whether financial compensation or counseling is most appropriate. Financial compensation can result from settlement between disputants if it was established that the bullied suffered financially as a result of victimization. Alternatively, the victim should have the right to seek redress in an industrial court where work disputes are arbitrated. Counseling will assist perpetrator and victim. They may need self-esteem building and therapy. Cognitive, solution focused or person centered therapy may be adapted as appropriate to assist in bringing about emotional or psychological health. In cases involving family and workgroup trauma, appropriate group based therapy should be undertaken at no cost to the victim.

This paper sought to examine the development of an anti-bullying culture in the workplace. Even though anti-bullying legislation exists there is need for reform and effective enforcement consistently. All workers must be sensitized to the individual, social and economic hazards of bullying. Workplaces must become safer places for all regardless of gender, rank, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation or any other socioeconomic characteristic that leads to perception that a worker is vulnerable or disadvantaged.

Investing in Restaurants – Pros and Cons of Franchise Investments

When it comes to investing in restaurants, there are many different ways that you can get involved. Investing in a smaller, family-owned restaurant might prove to have a bigger payoff in the end if you are willing to take the risk. However, investing in a franchise is often considered by people because it is a much safer investment in terms of restaurants. Franchises offer more security because there is a smaller cash capital required for startup, training is provided to owners and employees by the franchising company, and franchises have a reputation that already exists, instead of having to build one like local restaurants do.

The Pros

Franchises are an easy model because there already IS a model in place. Whether you buy into a franchise directly or invest in one that someone else is attempting to open, you can guarantee a better chance at success.

Franchises help train people and allow owners to do things without any guessing, questions, or confusion. This makes a business at least 50-60% more likely to be successful than a business without this support.

Investing in restaurants is usually a risky venture, but franchises offer less risk and better rewards generally speaking. No two investments are the same, but the chances of losing it all are much lower with a franchise investment than a locally-owned investment.

The Cons

Franchises are limited. They have rules, regulations, and ways that things need to be done. Whether you are going to be the owner or just an investor, it can become bothersome to have to run things the way that someone else sees fit.

When you invest in a franchise, you will likely not have as much involvement unless you invest as the owner. Even then, you will have less say in things that happen and how things operate. If you are willing to sacrifice your opinion and creative freedom for a better investment, this isn’t an issue.

Restaurant franchises are different from one owner to the next. Although there is a better chance of long-term success, you can’t depend on every single franchise to stick.

Now that you understand a little more about investing in restaurants, you can weigh the options and see what is right for you. Some people sort out this information and can easily make a decision about investing in restaurants for themselves. Other people might need more time, and might even decide that restaurant stocks are the better option for their investment. For more information on investing in investment opportunities usually or normally not found in the marketplace, click here!